Abbreviations Index

Short forms of commons words, positions, and place-names are used throughout the text where these are free of ambiguity and permit additional information within the space available. However, many other abbreviations, particularly ones relating to academic degrees, honours, and awards, also necessarily appear in the course of the biographies, and the following list of meanings is offered for the convenience of users of the Canadian Who's Who.

A

A.A.
Associate in Arts; Associate of Arts
A.A. & Q.M.G.
Assistant Adjutant and Quartermaster General
A.A.A
Alberta Association of Architects 
A.A.A.
Amateur Athletic Association
A.A.G.
Assistant-Adjutant-General
A.A.O.N.M.S.
Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine
A.B.
Bachelor of Arts (U.S.)
A.B.C.
Accredited Business Communicator
A.C.
Advanced Certification, Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists
A.C.A.
Associate of the Institute of Chartered Accountants (U.K.)
A.C.B.A.
Associate of the Canadian Bankers Association
A.C.C.O.
Associate of the Canadian College of Organists
A.C.D.
Archaeologiae Christianae Doctor (See Doct. Arch.)
A.C.I.S.
Associate of the Chartered Institute of Secretaries (U.K.)
A.C.P.
American College of Physicians
A.C.T.R.A.
Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television and Radio Artists
A.D.C.
Aide-de-Camp
A.D.M.S.
Assistant Director of Medical Services
A.F. & A.M.
Ancient Free and Accepted Masons
A.F.C.
Air Force Cross
A.F.L.
American Federation of Labor
A.F.M.
American Federation of Musicians
A.F.P.
Association of Fundraising Professionals
A.F.T.R.A.
American Federation of Television and Radio Artists
A.I.A.
Associate of the Institute of Actuaries (U.K.)
A.I.A.
American Institute of Architects
A.I.C.B.
Associate of the Institute of Canadian Bankers
A.I.C.E.
Associate of the Institute of Engineers (U.K.)
A.I.Ch.E.
American Institute of Chemical Engineers
A.I.I.A.
Associate of the Insurance Institute of America
A.I.I.C.
Associate of the Insurance Institute of Canada
A.I.M.E.
American Institute of Mining, Metallurgy, and Petroleum Engineers
A.I.S.A.
Associate of the Incorporated Secretaries’ Association
A.L.A.
Associate of the Library Association (U.K.); American Library Association
A.L.H.C.
Associate, Life and Health Claims
A.M.
Master of Arts; Albert Medal
A.M.C.
Army Medical Corps
A.M.C.T.
Accredited Municipal Clerk/Treasurer
A.M.P.
Advanced Management Program
A.Mus.
Associate of Music
A.O.C.
Air Officer Commanding
A.O.C.A.
Associate of the Ontario College of Art
A.O.C.A.D.
Associate of the Ontario College of Art & Design
A.O.C.-in-C.
Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief
A.O.E.
Alberta Order of Excellence
A.P.E.O.
Association of Professional Engineers of Ontario
A.P.R.
Accredited Public Relations Practitioner
A.Q.M.G.
Assistant Quartermaster-General
A.R.A.
Associate of the Royal Academy
A.R.A.M.
Associate of the Royal Academy of Music
A.R.C.A.
Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts; Associate of the Royal College of Art
A.R.C.C.O.
Associate of the Royal Canadian College of Organists
A.R.C.O.
Associate of the Royal College of Organists
A.R.C.S.
Associate of the Royal College of Science
A.R.C.T.
Associate of the Royal Conservatory of Music (Toronto)
A.R.I.B.A.
Associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects
A.R.S.M.
Associate of the Royal School of Mines; also of Music
A.S.A.
Associate of the Society of Actuaries
A.S.C.
administrateur de sociétés certifié
A.S.H.R.A.E.
American Society of Heating, Refrigeration, and Air Conditioning Engineers
A.S.L.A.
American Society of Landscape Architects
A.T.C.M.
Associate of the Toronto Conservatory of Music
A.U.C.C.
Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada
A.V.C.M.
Associate of the Victoria Conservatory of Music
A/V/M
Air Vice-Marshall
Acad.
Academy; Academician; Academic
Acc.FM.
Accredited Family Mediator, Ontario Association for Family Mediation
ACCME
Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education
ACCUTE
Association of Canadian College and University Teachers of English
Ad eund.
Ad eundem gradum (admitted to the same degree)
Ad. E.
Advocatus Emeritus; Avocat émérite
Adjt.
Adjutant
Adm.
Admiral; Administrator; Administration
Admin.
Administrator; Administration
Adv.Dip.Sw
Advanced Diploma in Social Work
Ag. de l’U. (Paris)
Agrégé de l’Université (Paris)
Ag. de Phil.
Agrégé de philosophie
Agron.
Agronomy; Agronomist
Alta.
Alberta
Anat.
Anatomy; Anatomical; Anatomist
AOAIEA
Accademico ordinario, Accademia Italiana di Economia Aziendale (Fellow of the Italian Academy of Business Economics)
Art.Dip.Mus.
Artist Diploma (Music)
Arty.
Artillery
ASL
American Sign Language
Atty.
Attorney

B

b.
Born
B.A.
Bachelor of Arts
B.A. & Sc.
Bachelor of Arts & Science
B.A.(Ph.)
Baccalauréat ès Arts (Philosophie)
B.A.A.
Bachelor of Applied Arts
B.A.Econ.
Bachelor of Arts in Economics
B.A.Ed.
Bachelor of Arts in Education
B.A.O.
Bachelor of Obstetrics
B.A.P.
Bachelor of Arts in Recreation and Physical Education
B.A.R.
Bachelor of Arts in Religion
B.A.S.
Bachelor in Agricultural Science; Bachelor of Administrative Studies
B.A.Sc.
Bachelor of Applied Science
B.Arch.
Bachelor of Architecture
B.Arts Sc.
Bachelor of Arts and Science
B.B.A.
Bachelor of Business Administration
B.B.C.
British Broadcasting Corporation
B.B.M.
Bachelor of Business Management
B.Bibl.
Baccalauréat en Bibliothéconomie
B.C.
British Columbia
B.C.D.
Bachelier en Chirurgie Dentale
B.C.E.
Bachelor of Civil Engineering
B.C.L.
Bachelor of Civil (or Common) Law
B.C.S.
Bachelor of Commercial Science
B.Ch., B.Chir.
Bachelor of Surgery
B.Ch.E.
Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (U.S.)
B.Chr.Ed.
Bachelor of Christian Education
B.Com., B.Comm.
Bachelor of Commerce
B.D.
Bachelor of Divinity
B.D.C.
Bachelor of Canon Law (Bacc. Droit Canonique)
B.D.S.
Bachelor of Dental Surgery (U.K.)
B.Des.
Bachelor of Design
B.Div.
Bachelor of Divinity
B.E.
Bachelor of Engineering
B.E.D.S.
Bachelor of Environmental Design Studies
B.E.E.
Bachelor of Electrical Engineering; Bachelor of Elementary Education
B.E.F.
British Expeditionary Force
B.E.P.
Brevet d’Etudes Professionnelles; Baccalauréat en Enseignement Professionnel
B.E.S.
Bachelor of Environmental Sciences; Bachelor of Environmental Studies
B.E.Sc.
Bachelor of Engineering Science
B.Ec.
Bachelor of Economics
B.Ed.
Bachelor of Education
B.en Ph.
Bachelier en Philosophie
B.en Sc.Com.
Bachelier en Science Commerciale
B.Eng.
Bachelor of Engineering
B.ès A.
Bachelier ès Arts
B.ès L.
Bachelier ès Lettres
B.ès Sc.
Bachelier ès Science
B.ès Sc.App.
Bachelier ès Science Appliqué
B.F.
Bachelor of Forestry
B.F.A.
Bachelor of Fine Arts
B.G.S.
Bachelor of General Studies
B.H.E.
Bachelor of Home Economics
B.H.K.
Bachelor of Human Kinetics
B.H.Sc.
Bachelor of Household Science
B.I.D.
Bachelor of Industrial Design
B.I.S.
Bachelor of Independent Study
B.J.
Bachelor of Journalism
B.J.C.
Bachelor in Canon Law
B.L.
Bachelor in Literature; also Laws
B.L.A.
Bachelor of Landscape Architecture
B.L.S.
Bachelor of Library Science
B.Litt.
Bachelor of Letters; also Literature
B.M.
Bachelor of Medicine
B.M.E.
Bachelor of Mechanical Engineering
B.M.V.
Bachelier en médecine vétérinaire
B.Math.
Bachelor of Mathematics
B.Mgmt.
Bachelor of Management
B.Mus.
Bachelor of Music
B.N.
Bachelor of Nursing
B.N.A.
British North America
B.P.A.
Bachelor of Public Administration
B.P.E.
Bachelor of Physical Education
B.P.H.E.
Bachelor of Physical and Health Education
B.P.R.
Bachelor of Public Relations
B.Paed., B.Péd.
Bachelor of Pedagogy
B.Ph.
Bachelor of Philosophy
B.Q.
Bloc Québécois
B.R.E.
Bachelor of Religious Education
B.S.
Bachelor of Science (U.S.)
B.S.A., B.Sc.A.
Bachelor of Science in Agriculture; also Accounting; also Administration
B.S.B.A.
Bachelor of Science in Business Administration
B.S.C.E.
Bachelor of Science in Civil Engineering
B.S.E.E., B.Sc.E.E.
Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering
B.S.Ed., B.S.E.
Bachelor of Science in Education
B.S.F.
Bachelor of Science in Forestry
B.S.M.E.
Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering
B.S.N.
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
B.S.P.
Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy
B.S.S.
Bachelor of Social Sciences
B.S.T.
Bachelor of Sacred Theology
B.S.W.
Bachelor of Social Work
B.Sc.
Bachelor of Science
B.Sc.A.
Bachelier ès sciences appliquées
B.Sc.Agr.
Bachelor of Science in Agriculture
B.Sc.Com.
Bachelor of Commercial Science
B.Sc.D.
Bachelor of Science in Dentistry
B.Sc.Eng.
Bachelor of Science in Engineering
B.Sc.F., B.S.F.
Bachelor of Science in Forestry
B.Sc.Kin.
Bachelor of Science in Kinesiology
B.Sc.N., B.S.N.
Bachelor of Science in Nursing
B.Sc.Phm.
Bachelor of Science in Pharmacy
B.Sc.Soc.
Bachelor of Social Science
B.Soc.Sc.
Bachelor of Social Science
B.T.
Bachelor of Teaching
B.T., B.Th.
Bachelor of Theology
B.Tech.
Bachelor of Technology
B.V.A.
Bachelor of Visual Arts
B.V.Sc.
Bachelor of Veterinary Science
B.W.I.
British West Indies
Bacc.
Baccalaureate
Barr.
Barrister
Bart.
Baronet
Batty.
Battery
Bgde.
Brigade
Bn.
Battalion
Bot.
Botany; Botanist; Botanical
Brig.
Brigadier
Brig.-Gen.
Brigadier-General
Bt.
Brevet
by-el.
By-election

C

(C)
Canada
C. in C.
Commander-in-Chief
C. of C.
Chamber of Commerce
C. of E.
Church of England
C.A.
Chartered Accountant; Certified Archivist
C.A.A.
Canadian Authors Association
C.A.A.A.
Canadian Academic Accounting Association
C.A.A.P.
Certified Advertising Agency Practitioner
C.A.C.E.
Certificate in Adult and Continuing Education
C.A.D.C.
Canadian Army Dental Corps
C.A.E.
Certified Association Executive
C.A.F.A.D.
Canadian Association of Fine Arts Deans
C.A.M.C.
Canadian Army Medical Corps
C.A.P.
Certificat d’Aptitude Pédagogique
C.A.P.C.
Canadian Army Pay Corps
C.A.S.C.
Canadian Army Service Corps
C.A.S.W.
Canadian Association of Social Workers
C.A.T.M.
Certified Advanced Technology Manager
C.A.U.T.
Canadian Association of University Teachers
C.B.
Companion of the Bath
C.B.C.
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation
C.B.C.P.
Certified Business Continuity Professional
C.B.E.
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
C.B.S.E.
Certified Building Service Executive
C.B.V.
Chartered Business Valuator
C.Biol.
Chartered Biologist
C.C.
Companion of the Order of Canada; Compagnon de l’Ordre du Canada
C.C.E.
Canadian Cinema Editors Hon. Society
C.C.F.P.
Certificant of the College of Family Physicians
C.C.H.S.E.
Canadian College of Health Service Executives
C.C.L.
Canadian Congress of Labour
C.C.O.
Chief Corporate Officer
C.Cri.
Certficate in Criminology
C.D.
Canadian Forces Decoration
C.Dir.
Chartered Director
C.E.
Civil Engineer
C.E.C.
Certified Environmental Consultant
C.E.F.
Canadian Expeditionary Force
C.E.N.
Certified Emergency Nurse
C.E.O.
Chief Executive Officer
C.E.R.A.
Chartered Enterprise Risk Analyst
C.E.S.
Certified Environmental Specialist; Certificat d’études Secondaires (France)
C.E.S.A.
Certified Environmental Site Assessor
C.E.S.O.
Canadian Executive Services Overseas
C.Eng.
Certified Engineer
C.F.A.
Canadian Field Artillery; Certified Financial Analyst; Chartered Financial Analyst
C.F.E.
Certified Fraud Examiner
C.F.L.
Canadian Football League
C.F.O.
Chief Financial Officer
C.F.P.
Chartered Financial Planner; Certified Financial Planner
C.F.R.E.
Certified Fund Raising Executive
C.G.A.
Certified General Accountant
C.G.F.M.
Certified Government Financial Manager (U.S.)
C.H.
Companion of Honour
C.H.A.
Canadian Historical Association
C.H.E.
Certified Health Executive
C.H.F.C., Ch.F.C.
Chartered Financial Consultant
C.H.R.P.
Certified Human Resources Professional
C.I.A.
Certified Internal Auditor
C.I.A.R.
Canadian Institute for Advanced Research
C.I.B.
Chartered Insurance Broker
C.I.C.
Certified Infection Control Practitioner
C.I.C.A.
Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants
C.I.D.A.
Canadian International Development Agency
C.I.F.
Canadian Institute of Forestry
C.I.H.R.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research
C.I.L.T.
Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport
C.I.M.
Certificate in Management; Certified Industrial Manager
C.I.O.
Chief Information Officer
C.I.P.
Certified Insurance Professional
C.I.S.A.
Certified Info Systems Auditor
C.I.T.P.
Certified International Trade Professional
C.J.G.C.
Chevalier de Jérusalem de Grand-Croix
C.L.A.
Canadian Library Association
C.L.C.
Canadian Labour Congress
C.L.J.
Commander of the Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem
C.L.U.
Chartered Life Underwriter
C.M.
Canada Medal; Member of the Order of Canada; Membre de l’Ordre du Canada; Master in Surgery
C.M.A.
Certified Management Accountant; Canadian Medical Association; Canadian Management Association
C.M.C.
Certified Management Consultant
C.M.G.
Companion of St. Michael and St. George
C.M.H.C.
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation
C.M.M.
Commander of the Order of Military Merit
C.M.O.S.
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
C.M.R.P.
Certified Marketing Research Professional
C.N.I.B.
Canadian National Institute for the Blind
C.N.R.
Canadian National Railways
C.O.
Commanding Officer
C.O.F.
Canadian Order of Foresters; Catholic Order of Foresters
C.O.M.
Commander of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces
C.O.O.
Chief Operating Officer
C.O.T.C.
Canadian Officers’ Training Corps
C.P.
Conseiller Privé
C.P.A.
Certified Public Accountant; Certified Public Administrator
C.P.C.
Conservative Party of Canada
C.P.H.
Certificate in Public Health
C.P.I.
Certified Property Inspector
C.P.R.
Canadian Pacific Railway
C.P.S.M.
Canadian Peacekeeping Service Medal
C.Psych.
Certified Psychologist
C.Q.
Chevalier de l’Ordre national du Québec
C.R.
Conseil de la reine
C.R.A.
Canadian Residential Appraiser
C.R.M.
Canadian Risk Manager
C.R.S.P.
Canadian Registered Safety Professional
C.R.T.C.
Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission
C.S.C., c.s.c.
Canadian Securities Course; Canadian Society of Cinematographers
C.S.C.E.
Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering
C.S.I.
Companion of the Order of the Star of India
C.S.O.
Chief Scientific Officer
C.S.P.
Certified Systems Professional
C.S.P.Q.
Certificat spécialiste Province du Québec
C.S.P.W.C.
Canadian Society of Painters in Water Colour
C.S.R.
Chartered Stenographic Reporter
C.St.J.
Commander of the Order of St. John
C.T.C.
Certified Travel Counsellor
C.T.F.
Canadian Teachers’ Federation
C.U.P.E.
Canadian Union of Public Employees
C.U.S.O.
Canadian University Students Overseas
C.V.O.
Companion of the Royal Victorian Order
C.V.S.M.
Canadian Voluntary Service Medal
CANSCAIP
Canadian Society of Children’s Artists, Illustrators and Performers
CAPAC
Composers, Authors and Publishers Association of Canada
CARAS
Canadian Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences
CARFAC
Canadian Artists’ Representation/Le front des artistes canadiens
CCLP
CITT-Certified Logistics Professionals
Cer.E.
Ceramic Engineer
Cert.
Certificate; Certified
Ch.B.
Bachelor of Surgery
Ch.M.
Mastery of Surgery
Chev.
Chevalier
Chim.
Chimie; Chimique; Chimiste
Chirurg.
Chirurgical; Chirurgien
Chrmn.
Chairman
Cie.
Compagnie
CIPP/C
Certified Information Privacy Professional/Canada
Clin.
Clinical; Clinic
Clk.
Clerk
Co.
County; Company
Coll.
College; Collegiate
Cons.
Conservative; Conservateur; Consultant
Cpl.
Corporal
cr.
Created
Cytol.
Cytology; Cytological; Cytologist

D

d.
Daughter
D.A.
Doctor of Archaeology; Doctor of Anesthesia
D.A.
Doctor of Arts
D.A.A. & Q.M.G.
Deputy Assistant-Adjutant and Quartermaster-General
D.A.A.G.
Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General
D.A.B.P.N.
Diplomate of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology
D.A.D.M.S.
Deputy Assistant Director of Medical Services
D.A.G.
Deputy Adjutant-General
D.A.Q.M.G.
Deputy-Assistant Quartermaster-General
D.A.Sc.
Doctor in Agricultural Sciences
D.Adm.
Doctor of Administration
D.Av.Med.
Doctor of Aviation Medicine
D.B.A.
Doctor of Business Administration
D.C.
Doctor of Chiropractic
D.C.H.
Diploma in Child Health
D.C.L.
Doctor of Common Law; Doctor of Civil Law
D.C.M.
Distinguished Conduct Medal
D.C.S.
Doctor of Commercial Science
D.C.T.
Doctor of Christian Theology
D.Child.Psych.
Diploma in Child Psychiatry
D.Cl.Chem.
Diploma in Clinical Chemistry
D.Cn.L.
Doctor of Canon Law
D.Comm.
Doctor of Commerce
D.D.
Doctor of Divinity
D.D.C.
Docteur en Droit Canonique
D.D.M.S.
Deputy Director of Medical Services
D.D.P.H.
Diploma in Dental Public Health
D.D.S.
Doctor of Dental Surgery
D.D.Sc.
Doctor of Dental Science
D.de l’Un.
Doctorat de l’Université
D.E.A.
Diplôme d’études approfondies
D.E.C.
Diplôme d’études collégiales
D.E.S.
Diplôme d’études supérieures; Doctor of Environmental Studies
D.E.S.S.
Diplôme d’études supérieures spécialisées
D.Ed.
Doctor of Education
D.en Méd. Vét.
Docteur en médecine vétérinaire
D.en Ph.
Docteur en Philosophie
D.Eng.
Doctor of Engineering
D.Env.Sts.
Honorary Doctorate of Environmental Studies
D.ès A.
Diplôme ès arts
D.ès L.
Docteur ès Lettres
D.F.A.
Doctor of Fine Arts
D.F.C.
Distinguished Flying Cross
D.F.S.
Doctor of Forest Science
D.F.Sc.
Doctor of Financial Science
D.G.M.
Deputy Grand Master
D.Gén.
Doctorat en Génie
D.H.
Doctor of Humanities
D.H.L.
Doctor of Hebrew Literature; Doctor of Humane Letters
D.Hum.L., D.Hum.Litt.
Doctor of Humane Letters
D.I.C.
Diploma of Imperial College
D.I.H.
Diploma in Industrial Health
D.Ing.
Doctor of Engineering (France)
D.J.C.
Doctor of Canon Law
D.L.
Doctor of Civil Law
D.L.F.A.P.A.
Distinguished Life Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association
D.L.S.
Dominion Land Surveyor
D.Lit., D.Litt.
Doctor of Literature; Doctor of Letters
D.Litt.S.
Doctor of Sacred Literature
D.M.
Doctorate Médecine; Doctorate of Music (Honorary)
D.M.A.
Doctor of Musical Arts
D.M.D.
Doctor of Dental Medicine
D.M.R.
Diploma in Medical Radiology
D.M.S.
Doctor of Medical Science
D.Man.Sc.
Doctor of Management Sciences
D.Mus.
Doctorat en musique
D.Mus.É.
Doctorat en musique éducationale
D.O.
Doctor of Osteopathy
D.O.C.
District Officer Commanding
D.P.A.
Doctor of Public Administration
D.P.H.
Doctor of Public Health; Diploma in Public Health
D.P.H.N.
Doctor of Public Health Nursing
D.P.S.
Doctor of Public Service
D.P.Sc.
Doctor of Political, Social and Economic Sciences
D.Paed.(Péd.)
Doctor of Pedagogy
D.Ph., D.Phil.
Doctor of Philosophy
D.Psych.
Doctor of Psychiatry; Diploma in Psychiatry
D.S.A.
Docteur ès Science Agricole; Docteur ès Science Appliquées
D.S.C.
Distinguished Service Cross
D.S.E.F.
Diplôme supérieur d’études françaises
D.S.L.
Doctor of Sacred Letters
D.S.O.
Companion of the Distinguished Service Order
D.S.S.
Doctor of Sacred Scripture
D.S.W.
Doctorate in Social Work
D.Sc.
Doctor of Science
D.Sc.Adm.
Doctor of Administrative Sciences
D.Sc.C(om).
Doctor of Commercial Science
D.Sc.Fin.
Doctor of Financial Science
D.Sc.Mil.
Doctor of Military Science
D.Sc.Nat.
Doctor of Natural Science
D.Sc.P.
Doctor of Political Science
D.Sc.Soc.
Doctor of Social Science
D.St.J.
Dame of the Order of St. John
D.Th., D.Theol.
Doctor of Theology
D.U.
Docteur d’Université
D.Univ.(Paris)
Doctor of the University (Paris)
D.V.M.
Doctor of Veterinary Medicine
D.V.Sc.
Doctor of Veterinary Science
D-ABFDE
Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Document Examiners
dec’d.
Deceased
def.
Defeated; Défaite
Dent.
Dentist; Dental; Dentistry
DGC
Directors Guild of Canada
D-I.I.F.E.S.
Diplomate of the International Institute of Forensic Engineering Science
Dip.Bus.Admin.
Diploma in Business Administration
Dip.C.S.
Diploma in Child Study
Dip.Crim.
Diploma in Criminology
Dip.Ed.
Diploma in Education
Dip.L.A.T.
Diploma in Landscape Architecture Technology
Dip.Lsc.
Diploma in Life Sciences (U.K.)
Dip.Operat.Perf.
Diploma in Operatic Performance
Dip.Psych.
Diploma in Psychiatry
Dip.R.E.E.S.
Diploma in Russian and East European Studies
Dip.R.M.
Diploma in Resource Management
Dip.Tech.Ed.
Diploma in Technical Education
Dip.Trl.
Diploma in Translation
Doct. Arch.
Doctor of Christian Archeology (Pontifical Institute, Rome)
Dom.
Dominion
Dr. de l’U.
Doctor of the University (Paris)
Dr. ès Lettres
Doctor of Letters (History of Literature)
Dr.Com.Sc.
Doctor of Commercial Science
Dr.-Ing.
Doktor-Ingenieur/Doctor of Engineering
Dr.jur.
Doctor Juris
Dr.P.H.
Doctor of Public Health; Doctor of Public Hygiene
Dr.rer.nat.
Doctor of Natural Sciences
Dr.rer.pol.
Doctor of Political Economy (Dr. Rerum Politicarum)
Drs.
Doctorandus (Netherlands)

E

E.
East; Eastern
e.
Educated; Eldest; Elder
é.
Éduqué(e); Éducation
E.C.E.
Diploma in Early Childhood Education
E.D.
Efficiency Decoration
E.E.
Electrical Engineer
E.E.C.
European Economic Community
E.M.
Efficiency Medal; Mining Engineer
Ecol.
Ecology; Ecological; Ecologist
Econ.
Economy; Economics; Economical; Economist
Ed.D.
Doctor of Education
Ed.M.
Master of Education (U.S.)
el.
Election; Elected; Electoral
ép.
Épous; Épouse; Épousé(e)
Epis.
Episcopal; Episcopalian
EPSRC
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
ESSEC
L'École supérieure des sciences économiques et commerciales
Ethnol.
Ethnology; Ethnological; Ethnologist

F

f.
Fils; Fille
F.A.A.A.
Fellow of the American Academy of Allergy
F.A.A.A.S.
Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
F.A.A.N.
Fellow of the American Academy of Neurology
F.A.A.O.
Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry
F.A.A.P.
Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics
F.A.A.S.
Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
F.A.B.M.G.
Fellow of the American Board of Medical Genetics
F.A.C.C.
Fellow of the American College of Cardiology
F.A.C.D.
Fellow of the American College of Dentistry
F.A.C.E.
Fellow of the American College of Epidemiology
F.A.C.H.A.
Fellow of the American College of Health Administrators
F.A.C.H.E.
Fellow of the American College of Healthcare Executives
F.A.C.M.I.
Fellow of the American College of Medical Informatics
F.A.C.O.G.
Fellow of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
F.A.C.P.
Fellow of the American College of Physicians
F.A.C.R.
Fellow of the American College of Radiology
F.A.C.S.
Fellow of the American College of Surgeons
F.A.C.S.M.
Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine
F.A.C.T.L.
Fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers
F.A.E.
Fellow of the Accountants and Executives Corporation of Canada
F.A.G.O.
Fellow of the American Guild of Organists
F.A.G.S.
Fellow of the American Geographical Society
F.A.H.A.
Fellow of the American Heart Association
F.A.H.P.
Fellow of the Association of Healthcare Philanthropy
F.A.I.A.
Fellow of the American Institute of Architects
F.A.I.C.
Fellow of the Agricultural Institute of Canada
F.A.P.H.A.
Fellow of the American Public Health Association
F.A.P.S.
Fellow of the American Physical Society
F.A.S.A.B.E.
Fellow, American Society of Agricultural & Biological Engineers
F.A.S.C.E.
Fellow of the American Society of Civil Engineers
F.A.S.C.P.
Fellow of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
F.A.S.M.
Fellow of the American Society for Metals
F.A.S.M.E.
Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineering
F.A.Z.R.A.
Fellow, Applied Zoologists Research Association
F.AINA
Fellow, Arctic Institute of North America
F.ASTM
American Society for Testing and Materials
F.B.A.
Fellow of the British Academy
F.B.O.A.
Fellow of the British Optical Association
F.B.O.U.
Fellow of the British Ornithologists Union
F.B.Ps.S.
Fellow of the British Psychological Society
F.B.S.C.
Fellow of the British Society of Commerce
F.Brit.I.R.E.
Fellow of the British Institution of Radio Engineers
F.C.A.
Fellow of the Institute of Chartered Accountants
F.C.A.E.
Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering
F.C.A.H.S.
Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences
F.C.A.S.I.
Fellow of the Canadian Aeronautics and Space Institute
F.C.B.A.
Fellow of the Canadian Bankers Association
F.C.B.V.
Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Chartered Business Valuators
F.C.C.A.
Fellow of the Association of Chartered Certified Accountants
F.C.C.H.S.E.
Fellow of the Canadian College of Health Service Executives
F.C.C.M.G.
Fellow of the Canadian College of Medical Geneticists
F.C.C.O.
Fellow of the Canadian College of Organists
F.C.F.P.
Fellow of the College of Family Physicians of Canada
F.C.G.A.
Fellow of the Certified General Accountants of Canada
F.C.I.
Fellow of the Canadian Credit Institute
F.C.I.A.
Fellow of the Canadian Institute of Actuaries
F.C.I.A.R.
Felow, Canadian Institute of Advanced Research
F.C.I.Arb.
Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (U.K.)
F.C.I.C.
Fellow of the Chemical Institute of Canada
F.C.I.I.
Fellow of the Chartered Insurance Institute
F.C.I.P. or FCIP
Fellow, Chartered Insurance Professional
F.C.I.S.
Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Secretaries
F.C.M.A.
Fellow of the Society of Management Accountants
F.C.N.R.S.
Fellow of the Canadian Numismatic Research Society
F.C.P.A.
Fellow, Chartered Professional Accountant
F.C.S.
Fellow of the Chemical Society
F.C.S.A.
Fellow of the Canadian Society of Agronomy
F.C.S.B.E.
Fellow, Canadian Society for Bioengineering
F.C.S.C.E.
Fellow of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering
F.C.S.I.
Fellow of the Canadian Securities Institute
F.C.S.L.A.
Fellow of the Canadian Society of Landscape Architects
F.C.S.M.E.
Fellow of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering
F.C.S.S.E.
Fellow, Canadian Society for Senior Engineers
F.CIFST
Fellow, Canadian Institute of Food Science and Technology
F.E.
Forest Engineer
F.E.C.S.
Fellow of the Electrochemical Society
F.E.I.C.
Fellow of the Engineering Institute of Canada
F.E.S.
Fellow of the Entomological Society; Fellow of the Ethnological Society
F.E.S.C.
Fellow of the European Society of Cardiology
F.F.A.
Fellow of the Faculty of Actuaries (U.K.)
F.F.P.S.
Fellow of the Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons (U.K.)
F.F.R.
Fellow of the Faculty of Radiologists
F.G.A.
Fellow of the Gemmological Association
F.G.D.C.
Fellow of the Society of Graphic Designers of Canada
F.G.S.
Fellow of the Geological Society
F.G.S.A.
Fellow of the Geological Society of America
F.H.S.C.
Fellow of the Heraldry Society of Canada
F.I.A.
Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries (U.K.)
F.I.A.B.S.
Fellow, Indian Association of Biological Sciences
F.I.A.Fo.S.T
Fellow, International Academy of Food Science & Technology
F.I.A.L.
Fellow of the International Institute of Arts and Letters
F.I.A.S.
Fellow of the Institute of Aeronautical Sciences (U.S.)
F.I.Ae.S.
Fellow of the Institute of Aeronautical Sciences
F.I.C.
Fellow of the Institute of Commerce
F.I.C.B.
Fellow of the Institute of Canadian Bankers
F.I.C.D.
Fellow of the International College of Dentists
F.I.E.
Fellow of the Institution of Engineers (Australia)
F.I.E.E.
Fellow of the Institute of Electrical Engineers
F.I.I.A.
Fellow of the Institute of Industrial Administration
F.I.I.C.
Fellow of the Insurance Institute of Canada
F.I.I.F.C.
Fellow, International Institute in FRP for Construction
F.I.I.S.L.
Fellow, International Institute of Space Law
F.I.Inst.
Fellow of the Imperial Institute
F.I.L.A.
Fellow of the Institute of Landscape Architects
F.I.M.
Fellow of the Institute of Metals; Fellow of the Institute of Materials
F.I.M.C.
Fellow of the Institute of Management Consultants
F.I.M.M.M.
Fellow of the Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining
F.I.R.E.
Fellow of the Institution of Radio Engineers
F.I.S.A.
Fellow of the Incorporated Secretaries Association
F.I.S.A.E.
Fellow, Indian Society of Agricultural Engineers
F.I.T.
Foundation for International Training
F.Inst.P.
Fellow of the Institute of Physics
F.Inst.Pet.
Fellow of the Institute of Petroleum
F.ISHMII.
Fellow, International Society For Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure
F.L.A.
Fellow of the Library Association (U.K.)
F.L.C.M.
Fellow of the London College of Music
F.L.M.I.
Fellow of the Life Management Institute
F.L.S.
Fellow of the Linnean Society
F.M.S.A.
Fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America
F.N.A.
Fellow of the North American Academy of Arts and Sciences
F.N.A.A.S.
Fellow, National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (India)
F.N.C.M.
Fellow, National College of Music, (U.K.)
F.N.F.C.F.
Fédération nationale des femmes canadiennes-françaises
F.P.S.
Fellow of the Philosophical Society; Fellow of the Pathological Society (Great Britain & Ireland)
F.Phys.S.
Fellow of the Physical Society
F.R.A.I.
Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute
F.R.A.I.C.
Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada
F.R.A.M.
Fellow of the Royal Academy of Music (U.K.)
F.R.A.S.
Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society; Fellow of the Royal Asiatic Society
F.R.Ae.S.
Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society
F.R.B.S.
Fellow of the Royal Botanic Society; Fellow of the Royal Society of British Sculptors
F.R.C.C.O.
Fellow of the Royal Canadian College of Organists
F.R.C.D.(C)
Fellow of the Royal College of Dentists (Canada)
F.R.C.M.
Fellow of the Royal College of Music
F.R.C.O.
Fellow of the Royal College of Organists
F.R.C.O.G.
Fellow of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
F.R.C.P.
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians
F.R.C.S.
Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons
F.R.C.S.(C)
Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (Canada)
F.R.C.V.S.
Fellow of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
F.R.E.S.
Fellow of the Royal Empire Society; Fellow of the Royal Entomological Society; Fellow of the Royal Economic Society
F.R.G.D.
Fellow, Registered Graphic Designers of Ontario
F.R.G.S.
Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society
F.R.G.S.(C)
Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society (Canada)
F.R.H.S.C.
Fellow of the Royal Heraldry Society of Canada
F.R.Hist.S., F.R.H.S.
Fellow of the Royal Historical Society
F.R.Hort.S.
Fellow of the Royal Horticultural Society
F.R.I.B.A.
Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects
F.R.I.C.
Fellow of the Royal Institute of Chemistry
F.R.I.C.S.
Fellow of the Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors
F.R.I.P.H.H.
Fellow of the Royal Institute of Public Health and Hygiene
F.R.M.S.
Fellow of the Royal Microscopical Society
F.R.Met.S.
Fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society
F.R.N.S.
Fellow of the Royal Numismatic Society
F.R.P.S.L.
Fellow of the Royal Philatelic Society, London
F.R.S.
Fellow of the Royal Society
F.R.S.
Fellow, Royal Society (United Kingdom)
F.R.S.A.
Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts
F.R.S.C.
Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada
F.R.S.C., F.R.S.Chem.
Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (U.K.)
F.R.S.E.
Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
F.R.S.H.
Fellow of the Royal Society of Health
F.R.S.L.
Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
F.R.S.M.
Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine
F.R.S.T.M.&H.
Fellow of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
F.S.A.
Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries; Fellow of the Society of Actuaries (U.S.)
F.S.A.A.
Fellow of the Society of Incorporated Accountants and Auditors
F.S.B.
Fellow, Society of Biology
F.S.E.
Fellow of the Society of Engineers
F.S.M.A.C.
Fellow of the Society of Management Accountants of Canada
F.S.P.I.E.
Fellow, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
F.S.S.
Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society
F.T.C.L.
Fellow of the Trinity College of Music (London)
F.Z.S.
Fellow of the Zoological Society
FCAOT
Fellow, Canadian Association of Occupational Therapists
FEC
Fellow of Engineers Canada
FFSSoc.
Fellow of the Forensic Science Society
FGC
Fellow of Geoscientists Canada
FIIE
Fellow, Institution of Incorporated Engineers (U.K.)
FISEAM
Fellow, International Society for Engineering Asset Management
FNASc.
Fellow, National Academy of Sciences (India)
FRCPC, F.R.C.P.(C)
Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada
FSSocDip.
Forensic Science Society Diploma

G

G.B.E.
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire
G.C.
George Cross
G.C.F.C.
Guild of Canadian Film Composers
G.C.I.E.
Knight Grand Commander of the Indian Empire
G.C.M.G.
Knight Grand Cross of St. Michael and St. George
G.C.S.I.
Knight Grand Commander of the Star of India
G.C.St.J.
Bailiff or Dame Grand Cross of the Order of St. John
G.C.V.O.
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
G.D.P.A.
Graduate Diploma in Public Accountancy
g.e.
General Election
G.H.Q.
General Headquarters
G.J.
Graduate Jeweller
G.M.
George Medal
G.O.C.
General Officer Commanding
G.O.Q.
Grand Officier de l’Ordre national du Québec
G.S.O.
General Staff Officer
Gaz.
Gazetted
Geneal.
Genealogy; Genealogist; Genealogical
Geol.
Geology; Geological; Geologist
GM.P.I.P.S.C.
Gold Medal, Professional Institute of the Public Service of Canada

H

H.B.A.
Honours Business Administration; Honours Bachelor of Arts
HBSc
Honours Bachelor of Science
h.c.
Honoris Causa
H.E.
His (or Her) Excellency; His Eminence
H.E.C.
École des Hautes Études Commerciales
Histol.
Histology; Histological; Histologist
H.M.
His (or Her) Majesty
H.M.C.S.
Her Majesty’s Canadian Ship
H.M.S.
Her Majesty’s Ship
H.O.
Head Office
H. of C.
House of Commons
Homoeo.
Homoeopathy; Homoeopathic; Homoeopath
Hon.
Honourable; Honorary
Hons.
Honours
Hortic.
Horticulture; Horticultural; Horticulturist
H.Q.
Headquarters
H.R.H.
His (or Her) Royal Highness
Hts.
Heights

I

I.C.A.O.
International Civil Aviation Organization
I.E.E.E.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
I.I.S.D.
International Institute for Sustainable Development
I.L.O.
International Labour Office; also Organization
I.O.D.E.
Imperial Order of the Daughters of the Empire
I.O.F.
Independent Order of Foresters
I.O.O.F.
Independent Order of Oddfellows
I.P.C.
Indigenous Peoples Counsel
I.S.O.
Imperial Service Order
I.S.P.
Information Systems Professional
i/c
In Charge
ICD.D
Institute of Corporate Directors Designation
Inf.
Infantry
Ing.
Ingénieur
ing. f.
ingénieur forestière
Ins.
Insurance
Inspr.
Inspector
Inst.
Institute; Institution; Institut
Instr.
Instructor; Instruction
Int.A.I.A.
International Member of the American Institute of Architects
Invest.
Investments; Investissement
Investig.
Investigation

J

J.B.
Jurum Baccalaureus
J.C.B.
Juris Canoni Baccalaureus (Bachelor of Canon Law)
J.C.D.
Juris Canonici Doctor; Juris Civilis Doctor (Doctor of Canon Law; also Civil Law)
J.C.L.
Juris Canonici Licentiatus (Licentiate in Canon Law)
J.C.Q.
Judge of the Court of Quebec
J.D.
Juris Doctor (Doctor of Jurisprudence)
J.D.S.
Doctor of Juridical Science
J.P.
Justice of the Peace
J.S.D.
Jurum Scientiae Doctor (Doctor of the Science of Laws)
J.U.L.
Licentiate of Law in Utroque (both Civil and Canon Law)
JChLJ
Chaplain of the Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem
Jos.
Joseph
Jt.
Joint
Jur.utr.Dr.
Juris utriusque doctor (equivalent to LL.D.)

K

K. of C.
Knights of Columbus
K.B.E.
Knight Commander of the British Empire
K.C.
King’s Counsel
K.C.B.
Knight Commander of the Bath
K.C.H.S.
Knight Commander, Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem 
K.C.L.J.
Knight Commander of the Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem
K.C.M.G.
Knight Commander of St. Michael and St. George
K.C.S.G.
Knight Commander of St. Gregory
K.C.S.I.
Knight Commander of the Star of India
K.C.V.O.
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
K.G.
Knight Commander of the Garter
K.H.S.
Knight of the Holy Sepulchre
K.J.G.C.
Knight of Jerusalem Grand Cross
K.L.J.
Knight of the Military and Hospitalier Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem
K.St.J.
Knight of Grace of the Order of St. John; Knight of Justice of the Order of St. John
K.T.
Knight of the Order of the Thistle; Knight Templar
Kt.
Knight; Knight Bachelor

L

L.Cdr.
Lieutenant-Commander
L.Ch.
Licentiate in Surgery
L.Col.
Lieutenant-Colonel
L.D.C.
Licentiate Droit Canonique
L.D.S.
Licentiate in Dental Surgery
L.Div.
Licentiate in Divinity
L.E.L.
Limited Engineering Licensee
L.ès D.
Licencié ès Droit
L.ès L.
Licencié ès Lettres
L.ès Sc.
Licencié ès Sciences
L.G.S.M.
Licentiate of the Guildhall School of Music and Drama (U.K.)
L.Gen.
Lieutenant-General
L.J.C.
Licentia Juris Canonici
L.M.C.C.
Licentiate of Medical College of Canada
L.M.C.H. (Cantab)
Life Member Clare Hall, Cambridge
L.Mus.
Licence en Musique; Licentiate in Music
L.O.L.
Loyal Orange Lodge
l.p.
Life Partner (Spouse)
L.P.N.
Licenced Practical Nurse
L.Péd.
Licence en Pédagogie
L.Ph.
Licence en Philosophie
L.Psych.
Licencié en Psychologie
L.R.A.M.
Licentiate of the Royal Academy of Music (U.K.)
L.R.C.P.
Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians
L.R.C.S.
Licentiate of the Royal College of Surgeons
L.R.C.T.
Licentiate of the Royal Conservatory of Toronto
L.R.C.V.S.
Licentiate of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons
L.R.H.S.C.
Licentiate, Royal Heraldry Society of Canada
L.R.S.M.
Licentiate of the Royal Schools of Music (U.K.)
L.S.
Land Surveyor
L.S.A.
Licentiate in Agricultural Science
L.S.Sc.
Licentiate in Sacred Scriptures
L.Sc.Adm.
License-ès-Sciences Administration
L.Sc.Comm.
Licentiate in Commercial Science
L.Sc.O.
License-ès-Sciences Optométrie
L.Sc.Soc.
Licence in Social Science
L.T.C.L.
Licentiate of Trinity College of Music (U.K.)
L.T.C.M.
Licentiate of the Toronto Conservatory of Music
L.Th.
Licentiate in Theology
L.V.C.M.
Licentiate of the Victoria Conservatory of Music
L.V.O.
Lieutenant of the Royal Victorian Order
Ldr.
Leader
LEED AP
Leadership in Energy & Environmental Design - Accredited Professional
LF.I.E.E.E.
Life Fellow, Institution of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Lib.
Liberal; Liberal Party; Library; Librarian
Lic.
Licentiate; Licencié
Lic. Med.
Licentiate in Medicine
Lit.hum.
Litterae humaniores (classics)
Litt.
Littérateur; Littéraire
Litt.B.
Bachelor of Letters
Litt.D.
Doctor of Letters; Doctor of Literature
LL.B.
Bachelor of Laws
LL.D.
Doctor of Laws (usually honorary)
LL.L.
Licentiate of Laws
LL.M.
Master of Laws
LSLS Cert. AVT
Listening and Spoken Language Specialist - Auditory-Verbal Therapist
LSM
Law Society Medal
Lt.
Lieutenant

M

m.
Married; Marié(e)
M.A.
Master of Arts
M.A.A.A.
Montreal Amateur Athletic Association
M.A.C.P.
Master of the American College of Physicians
M.A.C.S.S.    
Membre de l’académie canadienne des sciences de la santé
M.A.I.
Master of Engineering
M.A.I.B.C.
Member, Architectural Institute of British Columbia
M.A.L.D.
Master of Arts in Law & Diplomacy
M.A.L.S.
Master of Arts in Library Science
M.A.O.
Master of Obstetric Art
M.A.Sc.
Master of Applied Science
M.A.T.
Master of Arts in Teaching
M.Acc.
Master of Accounting
M.Arch.
Master of Architecture
M.B.
Bachelor of Medicine (U.K.); Medal of Bravery
M.B.A.
Master in Business Administration
M.B.B.S.
Bachelor of Medicine; Bachelor of Surgery
M.B.E.
Member of the Order of the British Empire
M.C.
Military Cross
M.C.E.
Master of Civil Engineering
M.C.G.I.
Member of the City and Guilds Institute of London (England)
M.C.I.
Member of the Credit Institute
M.C.I.Arb.
Member of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (U.K.)
M.C.I.C.
Member of the Chemical Institute of Canada
M.C.I.P or MCIP
Full Member Canadian Institute of Planners
M.C.L.
Master of Civil Law
M.C.P.
Master of City Planning
M.C.Psyc
Master of Counselling Psychology
M.C.S.
Master of Commercial Science; Master of Communication Studies
M.Ch., M.Chir.
Master in Surgery
M.Cl.Sc.
Master of Clinical Science
M.Com., M.Comm.
Master of Commerce
M.D.
Doctor of Medicine; Military District
M.D.C.
Master of Canon Law
M.D.S.
Master of Defence Studies; Master of Dental Surgery (U.K.)
M.D.Y.
Master of Arts in Diplomacy
M.Div.
Master of Divinity
M.E.
Mining Engineer; Mechanical Engineer
M.E.A.
Microprogramme en éthique appliquée
M.E.E.
Master of Electrical Engineering (U.S.)
M.E.S.
Master in Environmental Studies
M.Ec.
Master of Economics
M.Ed.
Master of Education
M.Eng.
Master of Engineering
M.ès A.
Maîtrise ès Arts
M.ès L.
Maîtrise ès Lettres
M.F.
Master of Forestry
M.F.A.
Master of Fine Arts
M.Fisc.
Masters in Taxation
M.H.A.
Member of the House of Assembly; Masters in Health Administration
M.H.C.M.
Masters in Health Care Management
M.H.K.
Master of Human Kinetics
M.H.L.
Master of Hebrew Letters
M.H.Sc.
Master of Health Science
M.I.Biol.
Member of the Institute of Biology
M.I.P.P.
Master of International Public Policy
M.I.S.
Management Information Systems
M.I.St.
Master of Information Studies
M.I.T.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
M.Ind.R., M.I.R.
Master of Industrial Relations
M.Inst.R.
Member of the Institute of Refrigeration
M.J.
Master of Journalism
M.Kin.
Masters in Kinesiology
M.L.
Master of Laws
M.L.A.
Member of the Legislative Assembly; Master of Landscape Architecture
M.L.I.S.
Master of Library and Information Science
M.L.S.
Master of Library Science; Licentiate in Medieval Studies
M.Leg.St.
Master of Legal Studies (U.S.)
M.Litt.
Master of Letters; Master of Literature
M.M.
Military Medal; Master of Music
M.M.M.
Member of the Order of Military Merit
M.M.St.
Master of Museum Studies
M.Mus.
Master of Music
M.N.
Master of Nursing
M.N.A.
Member of the National Assembly
M.O.
Missionary Oblate
M.O.M.
Member of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces
M.P.
Member of Parliament; Master of Planning
M.P.A.
Master of Public Administration; Master of Public Affairs
M.P.E.
Master of Physical Education
M.P.E.P.
Maître Professionelle Études Pastorales
M.P.H.
Master of Public Health
M.P.M.
Master of Pest Management
M.P.P.
Member of Provincial Parliament
M.Ph., M.Phil.
Master of Philosophy
M.PL.
Master of Urban and Regional Planning
M.Ps.
Master of Psychology
M.R.C.
Medical Research Council of Canada
M.R.C.O.G.
Member of the Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists
M.R.C.P.
Member of the Royal College of Physicians
M.R.C.S.
Member of the Royal College of Surgeons
M.R.C.V.S.
Member of the Royal College of Veterinary Studies
M.R.E.
Master of Religious Education
M.R.I.A.
Member of the Royal Irish Academy
M.R.M.
Master of Resource Management
M.R.S.H.
Member, Royal Society of Health (U.K.)
M.S.
Master of Surgery; Master of Science (U.S.)
M.S.A.
Master of Science in Agriculture
M.S.C.
Meritorious Service Cross
M.S.D.
Master of Science in Dentistry; Mediaeval Studies Doctorate
M.S.D.T.
Master Scuba Diver Trainer (PADI)
M.S.E.E.
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering
M.S.Ed.
Master of Science in Education (U.S.)
M.S.F.
Master of Science in Forestry
M.S.J.
Master of Science in Journalism
M.S.L.
Master of Studies in Law; Mediaeval Studies Licentiate
M.S.M.
Meritorious Service Medal
M.S.O.D.
Master of Science in Organizational Development
M.S.R.C.
Membre de la Société royale du Canada
M.S.S.
Master of Social Science
M.S.W.
Master of Social Work
M.Sc.
Master of Science; Missionary Science
M.Sc.A.
Master of Applied Science
M.Sc.Ag.
Master of Agricultural Sciences
M.Sc.Com.
Master of Commercial Sciences
M.Sc.F., M.sc.for.
Master of Science in Forestry
M.Sc.N., M.S.N.
Master of Science in Nursing
M.Sc.Phm.
Master of Science in Pharmacy
M.Sc.Pl.
Master of Science in Planning
M.Sc.Soc.
Master in Social Sciences
M.Soc.
Master in Sociology
M.Tax.
Master of Taxation
M.Trad.
Maîtrise en traduction
M.U.Dr.
Medecinae Universae Doctor (Dentistry and Medicine, Czech)
M.U.P., M.Urb.
Master of Urban Planning
M.V.A.
Master of Visual Arts
M.V.O.
Member of the Royal Victorian Order
MAA
Manitoba Association of Architects
MAIB
Member, Australian Institute of Biology Incorporated
Man.
Manitoba
Meth.
Methodist
Metrop.
Metropolitan
MIET
Member of the Institute of Engineering and Technology
Mil.
Military; Militia
MIMech.E.
Member, Institution of Mechanical Engineers
Min.
Minister
Msgr.
Monseigneur
Mun.
Municipality; Municipal
Mus.B(ac).
Bachelor of Music
Mus.B(ac).Perf.
Bachelor of Music in Performance
Mus.D(oc).
Doctor of Music
Mus.M.
Master of Music
Mycol.
Mycology; Mycological; Mycologist
s

N

N.
North; Northern
N.A.T.O.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
N.B.
New Brunswick
N.D.
Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine
N.D.D.
National Diploma in Dairying (U.K.); National Diploma of Design (U.K.)
N.D.E.E.
National Diploma in Electrical Engineering
N.D.G.
Notre Dame de Grace
N.D.P.
New Democratic Party
N.E.B.
National Energy Board
N.F.B.
National Film Board
N.F.U.
National Farmers Union
N.G.O.
Non-Governmental Organization
N.H.L.
National Hockey League
N.I.M.H.
National Institute of Mental Health (U.S.)
N.L.S.
Newfoundland Land Surveyors
N.O.A.A.
National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (U.S.)
N.P.
Notaire Publique
N.P.A.M.
Non-Permanent Active Militia
N.R.C.
National Research Council
N.S.
Nova Scotia
N.S.C.A.D.
Nova Scotia College of Art and Design
N.S.E.R.C.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
n.s.s.
National Search and Rescue Secretariat
N.S.W.
New South Wales
N.W.T.
Northwest Territories
N.Z.
New Zealand
ndc
National Defence College (military qualification)
Neurol.
Neurology; Neurological; Neurologist
Nfld. & Lab.
Newfoundland & Labrador
No.
Number; Nombre
Numis.
Numismatic

O

o.
Ordained; Ordiné(e)
O.A.A.
Ontario Association of Architects
O.A.Q.
L'Ordre des architectes du Québec
O.A.S.
Organization of American States
O.B.C.
Order of British Columbia
O.B.E.
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
O.C.
Officer of the Order of Canada; Officier de l’Ordre du Canada; Officer Commanding
O.D.
Doctor of Optometry
O.E.C.D.
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
O.M.
Order of Manitoba
O.M.C.
Ontario Medal for Good Citizenship
O.M.I.
Oblate of Mary Immaculate
O.M.L.J.
Officer of the Military and Hospitalier Order of Saint Lazarus of Jerusalem
O.M.M.
Officer of the Order of Military Merit
O.M.R.I.
Order of Merit of the Italian Republic
O.N.B.
Order of New Brunswick
O.N.G.
Organisation Non Gouvernemental
O.N.L.
Order of Newfoundland & Labrador
O.N.Q.
Order of Nurses of Quebec
O.N.S.
Order of Nova Scotia
O.O.M.
Officer of the Order of Merit of the Police Forces
O.Ont.
Order of Ontario
O.P.E.I.
Order of Prince Edward Island
O.Q.
Officier de l’Ordre national du Québec
O.S.A.
Ontario Society of Artists
O.St.J.
Officer of the Order of St. John
O.U.Q.
L'Ordre des urbanistes du Québec
Offr.
Officer
Ont.
Ontario
Op.Dip.Perf.
Diploma in Operatic Performance
Ophthal(mol).
Ophthalmology; Ophthalmic; Ophthalmologist
OPM
Owner/President Management Program - Harvard Business Sch.
Orgn.
Organization; Organized
Ornithol.
Ornithology; Ornithological; Ornithologist
OSPE
Ontario Society of Professional Engineers
OT Reg.PE,
Registered Occupational Therapist, Prince Edward Island
Otol.
Otology; Otological; Otologist

P

P.Adm.
Professional Administrator
P.Ag.
Professional Agrologist
P.C.
Privy Council; Privy Councillor; Progressive Conservative
P.C.J.
Provincial Court Judge
p.c.s.c.
Canadian Forces College Command and Staff Course
P.Dt.
Professional Dietician
P.E.I.
Prince Edward Island
P.E.N.
Poets, Playwrights, Editors, Essayists and Novelists
P.E.O.
Professional Engineers of Ontario
P.Eng.
Professional Engineer
P.G.C.E.
Post-Graduate Certificate in Education (U.K.)
P.Geo.
Professional Geologist
P.M.
Prime Minister
P.M.P.
Project Management Professional
P.O.W.
Prisoner of War
P.P.C.L.I.
Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry
p.s.
Passed School of Instruction (Officers)
p.s.a.
Graduate of R.A.F. Staff College
p.s.c.
Passed Staff College
Pac.
Pacific
Parliam.
Parliament
Parlty.
Parliamentary
Path(ol).
Pathology; Pathological; Pathologist
PEBC
Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada
Perm.
Permanent
PG.Dip
Post Graduate Diploma
Ph.B.
Bachelor of Philosophy
Ph.C.
Philosopher of Chiropractic
Ph.D.
Doctor of Philosophy
Ph.L.
Licentiate in Philosophy
Pharm.D.
Doctor of Pharmacy
Phil.M.
Master of Philosophy
Philol.
Philology; Philological; Philologist
Philos.
Philosophy; Philosophical
Phm.B.
Bachelor of Pharmacy
Phys.
Physical; Physician
Physiol.
Physiology; Physiological; Physiologist
Phytopath(ol).
Phytopathology; Phytopathological; Phytopathologist
PLC, plc
Public limited company (U.K.)
Pol.
Political
Polytech.
Polytechnic; Polytechnique
Pomol.
Pomology; Pomological; Pomologist
Prep.
Preparatory
Pres.
President
Presb.
Presbyterian
Presby.
Presbytery
Prop.
Proprietor; Propriétaire
Prot.
Protestant
Psychol.
Psychology; Psychological; Psychologist
Pte.
Private (Soldier)
PTY, pty
Proprietary

Q

Q.C.
Queen’s Counsel
Q.H.S.
Queen’s Honorary Surgeon
Q.L.S.
Quebec Land Surveyor
Q.M.
Quartermaster
Q.M.G.
Quartermaster-General
Q.O.R.
Queen’s Own Rifles
Que.
Quebec

R

R.A.
Royal Artillery; Royal Academician
R.A.F.
Royal Air Force
R.A.I.C.
Royal Architecture Institute of Canada
R.A.M.
Royal Academy of Music; Royal Arch Mason
R.A.M.C.
Royal Army Medical Corps
R.A.S.C.
Royal Astronomical Society of Canada
R.B.A.
Royal Society of British Architects
R.C.A.
Royal Canadian Artillery; Royal Canadian Academy of Arts; Royal College of Art (U.K.)
R.C.A.C.
Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
R.C.A.F.
Royal Canadian Air Force
R.C.A.M.C.
Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps
R.C.D.
Royal Canadian Dragoons
R.C.E.
Royal Canadian Engineers
R.C.E.M.E.
Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers
R.C.F.A.
Royal Canadian Field Artillery
R.C.G.A.
Royal Canadian Garrison Artillery
R.C.M.
Royal Conservatory of Music
R.C.M.P.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
R.C.N.
Royal Canadian Navy
R.C.N.V.R.
Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve
R.C.O.C.
Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps
R.C.R.
Royal Canadian Regiment
R.C.Y.C.
Royal Canadian Yacht Club
R.E.
Royal Engineers
R.F.A.
Royal Field Artillery
R.F.C.
Royal Flying Corps
R.F.P.
Registered Financial Planner
R.I.A.
Registered Industrial and Cost Accountant
R.I.B.
Registered Insurance Broker
R.M.C.
Royal Military College (Canada)
R.N.
Royal Navy; Registered Nurse
R.N.S.Y.S.
Royal Nova Scotia Yacht Squadron
R.O.
Reserve of Officers
R.P.
Member of the Royal Society of Portrait Painters
R.P.A.
Registered Professional Archaeologist
R.P.Bio.
Registered Professional Biologist
R.P.F.
Registered Professional Forester
R.Ph.
Registered Pharmacist
R.R.
Rural Route
R.S.W.
Registered Specification Writer
R22eR
Royal 22e Régiment
Regt.
Regiment
Res.
Resident
Res.Dip.S.W.
Diploma in Social Work Research
Rev.
Reverend; Review; Revised
Rhinol.
Rhinology; Rhinological; Rhinologist
RI
Real Estate Institute of British Columbia
Röntgenol.
Röntgenology; Röntgenological; Röntgenologist
Rt.
Right

S

S.
South; Southern
s.
Son
S.A.A.
Saskatchewan Association of Architects
S.A.F.A.
The Finnish Association of Architects
S.B.
Bachelor of Science
S.B.St.J.
Serving Brother of the Order of St. John
S.C.
Star of Courage
S.C.A.
Society of Canadian Artists
S.D.
Doctor of Science
S.J.
Society of Jesus (Jesuits)
S.J.D.
Scientiae Juridicae Doctor (Doctor of Juridical Science; also Juristic Science)
S.M.
Master of Science
S.O.M.
Saskatchewan Order of Merit
S.P.H.R.
Senior Professional in Human Resources
S.R.C.
Société Radio-Canada
S.S.B.
Bachelier en Science Sacrée
S.S.C.
Sculptors Society of Canada
S.S.F.C.
Social Science Federation of Canada
S.S.L.
Licentiate in Sacred Scripture
S.S.St.J.
Serving Sister of the Order of St. John
S.T.B., S.Th.B.
Bachelor of Sacred Theology
S.T.D., S.Th.D.
Doctor of Sacred Theology
S.T.L., S.Th.L.
Licentiate in Sacred Theology
S.T.M.
Master of Sacred Theology
S.V.M.
Saskatchewan Volunteer Medal
Sask.
Saskatchewan
Sc.D.
Doctor of Science
Sc.L.
Licence ès Sciences
Sc.Soc.B.
Bachelier Science Sociale
Sc.Soc.D.
Doctor of Social Science
Sc.Soc.L.
License in Social Science
Sec.
Section
Sém.
Séminaire; Séminarien
Semy.
Seminary
Soc.
Society; Société
SOCAN
Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of Canada
Sociol.
Sociology; Sociological; Sociologist
SODRAC
Société du droit de reproduction des auteurs, compositeurs et éditeurs au Canada
Solr.
Solicitor
Sqdn.
Squadron
Sr.
Senior; Sister
SSHRCC
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada
Stat.
Statistical; Statistics; Statistician

T

T.E.P.
Trust and Estate Practitioner
T.E.S.L.
Teaching English as a Second Language
Th.B.
Bachelor of Theology
Th.D.
Doctor of Theology
Theol.
Theology; Theological; Theologian
Th.L.
Theological Licentiate
Topog.
Topography; Topographical; Topographer
Toxicol.
Toxicology; Toxicologist
Twp.
Township

U

U.A.A.C.
Universities Art Association of Canada
U.E., U.E.L.
United Empire Loyalist
U.K.
United Kingdom
U.M.W.A.
United Mine Workers of America
U.N.
United Nations
U.N.S.M. (Korea)
United Nations Service Medal for Korea
U.O.M.
Officer of the National Order of Merit (Malta)
U.S.N.
United States Navy
Un.
Unis; United
UNESCO
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
UNICEF
United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
UNO
United Nations Organization
UNRRA
United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
Urol.
Urology; Urological; Urologist

V

V.C.
Victoria Cross
V.D.
Volunteer Officers’ Decoration
Ven.
Venerable (of an Archdeacon)
Very Rev.
Very Reverend (of a Dean)
Vet.
Veterinary; Veterinarian
V.G.
Vicar-General
Vol.
Volume; Voluntary; Volunteer
V.Q.M.G.
Vice-Quartermaster-General
V.R.D.
Naval Volunteer Reserve Decoration
V.S.
Veterinary Surgeon

W

W.
West; Western
W.H.O.
World Health Organization
W.I.P.O.
World Intellectual Property Organization
W.P.T.B.
Wartime Prices and Trade Board
W.T.O.
World Trade Organization

X


Y

Y.M.C.A.
Young Men’s Christian Association
Y.M.H.A.
Young Men’s Hebrew Association
Y.W.C.A.
Young Women’s Christian Association
Y.W.H.A.
Young Women’s Hebrew Association

Z